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Latest research findings

Pre-published findings will be released here as soon as they are available. 

Peer-reviewed articles can be found further down this page.

1. A research protocol for our ongoing work is available at HRB Open Research. Click here to read the protocol. 


2. A core deliverable of this project is to understand what proportion of the Irish adult population was suffering from mental health problems prior to and during the pandemic. We sought to determine if the prevalence of mental health problems changed as a result of the pandemic and whether different groups in the population have been differently affected. These findings can be found here.

3. A measure to rapidly screen for mental health problems during the pandemic can be found here.

4. In this article, we respond to a proposal to reinstate the term 'mental illness' into the Irish Mental Health Act. We argue that this would be a regressive step that would put Ireland out of step with international norms. You can read our article here

5. A key objective of our project was to determine how many people in the Irish population had experienced a decline in their mental health during the pandemic and what was associated with experiencing such a decline. 

In this paper, we show that only 11% of Irish adults experienced such a decline. Overall, 71% of people experienced no change in their mental health, and 18% of people experienced an improvement in their mental health. You can read a pre-published version of this paper here

6. A key objective of this project was to provide a rapid screening tool to aid in the identification of those at risk of deteriorating mental health during this pandemic. Based on empirical findings (point 5), we have developed a screening tool that may be used by all. This is available here.

7. Another objective of our project was to examine if there were changes in loneliness during the pandemic and if changes in loneliness were related to changes in depression. Results of this analysis can be found here.

8. The core objective of this project was to examine changes in mental health problems in the Irish population across the first year of the pandemic. These findings can be found here.

9. A policy brief based on our study findings can be found here.

 

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Hyland, P., Vallières, F., Shevlin, M., Bentall, R. P., McKay, R., Hartman, T. K., McBride, O., & Murphy, J. (2021). Resistance to COVID-19 vaccination has increased in Ireland and the UK during the pandemic. Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2021.04.009

Shevlin, M., Butter, S., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K., Hyland, P., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Refuting the myth of a ‘tsunami’ of mental ill-health in populations affected by COVID-19: Evidence that response to the pandemic is heterogenous, not homogeneous. Psychological Medicine. doi:10.1017/S0033291721001665

Hyland, P., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Fox, R., Bondjers, K., Karatzias, T., Bentall, R. P., Martinez, A., & Vallières, F. (2021). A longitudinal assessment of depression and anxiety in the Republic of Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry Research, 300, 113905.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.113905

Zavlis, O., Butter, S., Bennett, K., Hartman, T. K., Hyland, P., Mason, L., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Shevlin, M., Stocks, T., Vallières, F., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). How does the COVID-19 pandemic impact on population mental health? A network analysis of COVID influences on depression, anxiety and traumatic stress in the UK population. Psychological Medicine, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291721000635

Hartman, T. K., Marshall, M., Stocks, T. V. A., McKay, R., Bennett, K., Butter, S., Gibson Miller, J., Hyland, P., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Mason, L., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Vallières, F., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Different conspiracy theories have different psychological and social determinants: Comparison of three theories about the origins of the COVID-19 virus in a representative sample of the UK population. Frontiers in Political Science.


MacLachlan, M., Murphy, R., Daly, M., & Hyland, P. (2021). Why it’s time to stop saying “mental illness”: A commentary on the revision of the Irish Mental Health Act. HRB Open Research. https://doi.org/10.12688/hrbopenres.13235.1

Murphy, J., Vallières, F., Bentall, R. P., Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Hartman, T. K., McKay, R., Bennett, K., Mason, L., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Stocks, T., Karatzias, T., & Hyland, P. (2021). Psychological characteristics associated with COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and resistance in Ireland and the United Kingdom. Nature communications, 12(1), 29. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20226-9


Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Karatzias, T., Bentall, R. P., Martinez, A., & Vallières, F. (2020). Anxiety and depression in the Republic of Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 142, 249-256. DOI: 10.1111/acps.13219

Karatzias, T., Shevlin, M., Murphy, J., McBride, O., Ben-Ezra, M., Bentall, R. P., Vallières, F., & Hyland, P. (2020). Posttraumatic stress symptoms and associated comorbidity during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ireland: A Population-Based Study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 33, 365-370. DOI: 10.1002/jts.22565

Shevlin, M., Hyland, P., & Karatzias, T. (2020). Is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder meaningful in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic? A response to Van Overmeire's commentary on Karatzias et al. (2020). Journal of Traumatic Stress, 33, 866-868. DOI: 10.1002/jts.22592

Hartman, T., Stocks, T., McKay, R., Gibson Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A., Mason, L.,  McBride, O., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Bennett, K., Hyland, P., Karatzias, T., Vallières, F., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). The authoritarian dynamic during the COVID-19 pandemic: Effects on nationalism and anti-immigrant sentiment. Social Psychological and Personality Science. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550620978023

Jowett, S., Shevlin, M., Hyland, P., & Karatzias, T. (accepted). Somatisation and COVID-19 related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder symptoms: The role of hyperarousal. Psychosomatic Medicine.

 

Video presentations

In this section are a collection of video presentations about key findings from the study.

Simply click on the title of each talk to watch it.